Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Research

 Post Upsetting Stress Disorder Research Research Paper

WhatВ isВ PTSDВ В

ItВ hasВ beenВ severalВ decadesВ sinceВ mentalВ illnessВ wasВ associatedВ toВ warВ conditionsВ wasВ clinicallyВ acknowledged. В RecentВ researchВ hasВ shownВ aВ strongВ connectionВ betweenВ wartimeВ eventsВ suchВ asВ witnessingВ theВ deathВ ofВ comrades, В friendlyВ fireВ orВ В improvisedВ explosiveВ deviceВ (IED)В explosionsВ andВ postВ­traumaticВ stressВ disorder. В WithВ aВ conflictВ asВ devastatingВ asВ theВ AmericanВ CivilВ War, В itВ wouldВ beВ logicalВ toВ thinkВ thatВ CivilВ WarВ soldiersВ experiencedВ eventsВ thatВ putВ themВ atВ riskВ similarВ toВ today'sВ soldiers. В DataВ compiledВ fromВ diariesВ andВ lettersВ willВ confirmВ theВ presenceВ ofВ psychologicalВ disordersВ inВ soldiersВ whoВ foughtВ inВ theВ war. В FromВ thisВ bodyВ ofВ evidence, В itВ isВ clearВ thatВ soldiersВ ofВ theВ AmericanВ CivilВ WarВ didВ sufferВ fromВ postВ­traumaticВ stressВ disorderВ andВ otherВ psychologicalВ disorders. В В

InВ 1980, В PTSDВ wasВ recognizedВ asВ aВ disorderВ withВ specificВ symptomsВ thatВ couldВ beВ reliablyВ diagnosedВ andВ wasВ addedВ toВ theВ AmericanВ PsychiatricВ Association'sВ DiagnosticВ andВ StatisticalВ ManualВ ofВ MentalВ DisordersВ

PTSDВ developsВ differentlyВ fromВ personВ toВ person. В WhileВ theВ symptomsВ ofВ PTSDВ mostВ commonlyВ developВ inВ theВ hoursВ orВ daysВ followingВ theВ traumaticВ event, В itВ canВ sometimesВ takeВ several weeks, В months, В orВ evenВ yearsВ beforeВ theyВ appear. В

WhatВ causesВ PTSDВ В

PostВ­traumaticВ stressВ disorderВ canВ affectВ thoseВ whoВ personallyВ experienceВ theВ disaster, В thoseВ whoВ witnessВ it, В andВ thoseВ whoВ pickВ upВ theВ piecesВ afterwards, В includingВ emergencyВ workersВ andВ lawВ enforcementВ officers, В itВ canВ alsoВ affectВ theВ peopleВ whoВ areВ closeВ toВ theВ personВ thatВ experiencedВ itВ (friendsВ orВ familyВ members). В

TraumaticВ eventsВ thatВ canВ leadВ toВ PTSDВ include: В

в– WarВ

в– RapeВ

в– NaturalВ disastersВ

в– KidnappingВ

в– CarВ orВ planeВ crashesВ

в– AssaultВ

в– TerroristВ attacksВ

в– SexualВ orВ

в– SuddenВ deathВ ofВ aВ lovedВ oneВ

physicalВ abuseВ

ChildhoodВ neglectВ

OrВ anyВ eventВ thatВ leavesВ youВ stuckВ andВ feelingВ helplessВ andВ hopeless. В

SymptomsВ

В В 

AfterВ aВ traumaticВ experience, В it'sВ normalВ toВ feelВ frightened, В unhappy, В anxious, В andВ disconnected. В ButВ ifВ theВ upsetВ doesn'tВ fadeВ andВ youВ feelВ stuckВ withВ aВ constantВ senseВ ofВ dangerВ andВ painfulВ memories, В youВ mayВ beВ sufferingВ fromВ postВ­traumaticВ stressВ disorder. В ItВ canВ seemВ likeВ you'llВ neverВ getВ overВ whatВ happenedВ orВ feelВ normalВ again. В В

TheВ symptomsВ ofВ postВ­traumaticВ stressВ disorderВ (PTSD)В canВ ariseВ suddenly, В gradually, В orВ comeВ andВ goВ overВ time. В SometimesВ symptomsВ appearВ seeminglyВ outВ ofВ nowhere. В AtВ otherВ times, В theyВ areВ triggeredВ byВ somethingВ thatВ remindsВ themВ ofВ theВ originalВ traumaticВ event, В suchВ asВ aВ noise, В anВ image, В certainВ words, В orВ aВ smell. В

В 

TheВ symptomsВ includeВ theВ experienceВ ofВ actualВ harmВ orВ threatsВ toВ beВ harmedВ physicallyВ andВ orВ emotionally, В intrusiveВ symptomsВ thatВ includeВ flashbacks, В disturbingВ dreamsВ orВ memories, В negativeВ changesВ inВ cognition, В theВ avoidanceВ ofВ stimuliВ associatedВ withВ theВ eventВ andВ changesВ inВ arousalВ levels. В InВ orderВ forВ youВ toВ beВ aВ diagnosed, В yourВ symptomsВ mustВ beВ presentВ forВ overВ aВ monthВ andВ theВ levelВ ofВ stressВ hasВ toВ beВ largeВ enoughВ whereВ everydayВ activitiesВ areВ negativelyВ damaged. В

DuringВ theВ timeВ aВ В personВ isВ diagnosedВ withВ PTSD, В theyВ mayВ believeВ thatВ theirВ or/andВ othersВ live'sВ areВ inВ danger. В ThisВ canВ causeВ themВ toВ becomeВ frightenedВ andВ makeВ themВ feelВ asВ ifВ theyВ haveВ noВ controlВ ofВ theВ situation. В В

В 

TheВ symptomsВ includeВ theВ experienceВ ofВ actualВ harmВ orВ threatsВ toВ beВ harmedВ physicallyВ andВ orВ emotionally, В intrusiveВ symptomsВ thatВ includeВ flashbacks, В disturbingВ dreamsВ orВ thoughts, В negativeВ changesВ inВ cognition, В theВ avoidanceВ ofВ stimuliВ associatedВ withВ theВ eventВ andВ changesВ inВ arousalВ levels. В InВ orderВ forВ thereВ toВ beВ aВ diagnosis, В symptomsВ mustВ beВ presentВ forВ overВ aВ monthВ andВ theВ levelВ ofВ stressВ hasВ toВ beВ significantВ enoughВ whereВ everydayВ activitiesВ areВ negativelyВ affected. В

В 

ForВ mostВ people, В however, В theseВ symptomsВ areВ shortВ­lived. В TheyВ mayВ lastВ forВ severalВ daysВ orВ evenВ weeks, В butВ theyВ liftВ...

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